ON Sunday May 20, the new rules for taking your car in for MOT will come into effect, and the MOT test certificate will change.

An MOT is a compulsory annual test for safety and exhaust emissions of motor vehicles of more than 3 years old.

The change includes new defect types, stricter rules for diesel car emissions, and some vehicles over 40 years old becoming exempt. The change applies to cars, vans, motorcycles and other light passenger vehicles.

The defects will be categorised into the following: Dangerous and Major, which will mean your car fails an MOT. Minor, Advisory and Pass, which will mean any issues that are advised need to be monitored and repaired.

New checks will also be conducted during the MOT which include:

1: Tyres are obviously under inflated

2: The brake fluid has been contaminated

3: Fluid leaks posing an environmental risk

4: Brake pad warning lights and if brake pads or discs are missing

5: Reversing lights on vehicles first used from 1 September 2009

6: Headlight washers on vehicles first used from 1 September 2009 (if they have them)

7: Daytime running lights on vehicles first used from 1 March 2018 (most of these vehicles will have their first MOT in 2021 when they’re 3 years old)